The working age population and working age employment data-subsets are aggregated to produce growth statistic(s) starting from end of year levels in 1949.
The "Delta (Non-employment)" growth values are shown as negative for display purposes. This Delta is the difference between the working age population growth and working age employment growth. Of the 105,229,000 in the working age population, 28,255,000 were not working on Dec. 31, 2009. Keep in mind that the BLS-CPS definition of "Employed" is fairly liberal and includes part-time workers.
As a comparison to current levels, in 1998, the working age population growth was 80,662,000 and the non-employed in that population was 6,571,000 (8.1%).
Since 1998, the working age population has increased by 24,567,000 (30.5%) while employment in the working age group increased by only 2,883,000 (3.9%).
Another post that uses these growth statistics...
Employment Growth vs. Population Growth by Decade